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Simpson DD-221 - Sejarah

Simpson DD-221 - Sejarah


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simpson
(DD-221: dp. 1,216; 1. 314'41/2''; b. 30'11" dr. 94's. 35 k.; cpl. 122; a. 4 4", 1 3", 12 2i" tt.; cl Clemson)

Simpson (DD-221) ditetapkan pada 9 Oktober 1919 oleh William Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia, Pa. diluncurkan pada 28 April 1920, disponsori oleh Miss Caroline Sterett Simpson, putri Laksamana Muda Simpson; dan ditugaskan pada tanggal 3 November 1920, Lt. Comdr. F.T. Berry dalam perintah.

Simpson melakukan latihan dengan Armada Pasifik selama tahun pertama pelayanannya, termasuk pelayaran ke Valparaiso, Chili. Dia kemudian transit Terusan Panama pada 12 Desember 1921; dan, setelah perombakan di Philadelphia, ia berlayar dari Newport, RI, ke Mediterania pada 6 Juni 1922. Antara 29 Juni 1922 dan 26 Februari 1924, Simpson bertugas sebagai unit Detasemen Angkatan Laut Amerika Serikat di perairan Turki di bawah Laksamana Muda Mark L Bristol, melindungi kepentingan Amerika selama kerusuhan di Timur Dekat setelah Perang Dunia I. Simpson berada di Smyrna pada bulan September 1923 ketika front Yunani di Asia Kecil runtuh dan, pada 13 September, setelah menyaksikan pembantaian banyak orang Armenia dan pengaturan kebakaran besar oleh Turki, dia mengevakuasi warga Amerika dari kota dan membawa mereka ke Yunani. Dia kemudian melanjutkan tugasnya memantau evakuasi pengungsi Yunani dari Turki, melindungi warga Amerika Serikat, dan membantu pekerjaan Asosiasi Bantuan Amerika di Laut Hitam dan Mediterania timur. Setelah tur pelabuhan di Mediterania barat dan Selat Inggris, Simpson berangkat dari Southampton Inggris, pada 1 Juli 1924 untuk perbaikan di Norfolk. Dia kemudian menjalani pelatihan di Karibia dan di pantai barat sebelum melintasi Pasifik untuk tugas dengan Armada Asia.

Setibanya di Chefoo, Cina, pada 14 Juni 1925 Simpson memasuki rutinitas Armada Asia, berlatih di pangkalan di Tsingtao dan Chefoo di musim panas dan Manila di musim dingin, dan mengunjungi pelabuhan-pelabuhan Cina selama transit sekali jalan. Selama tahun 1925, kerusuhan di Cina meningkat, karena pertumbuhan kekuatan pasukan Kuominbang di bawah Chiang Kai-shek dan wabah anti-asing di Shanghai dan Kanton. Kapal perusak dipisahkan dari armada untuk melengkapi patroli kapal perang biasa di Yangtze dan di sepanjang pantai selatan Cina dekat Kanton. Simpson menyelamatkan beberapa misionaris di Deep Bay, Cina, pada 2 dan 3 Juli 1925; dan, selama beberapa tahun berikutnya, melakukan banyak patroli di perairan China untuk melindungi nyawa dan harta benda Amerika. Kapal perusak itu ditempatkan di Nanking ketika Jepang melancarkan serangan udara dan laut ke Shanghai pada akhir Januari 1932, dan dia mendukung diplomat Amerika di ibukota China selama hari-hari awal krisis yang kritis, serta mengirimkan laporan penting ke Washington. Pada 11 Februari, dia pindah ke Shanghai dan, pada 23 Februari, ke Swatow di mana dia tinggal sampai 2 April 1932. Pada 18 April, Simpson meninggalkan Manila dengan skuadronnya untuk kembali ke Amerika Serikat.

Setelah perombakan di Pulau Mare, Simpson bergabung dengan Destroyers, Battle Force, di San Diego pada 28 September 1932 dan melakukan latihan dan pelatihan armada di sepanjang pantai barat selama beberapa tahun berikutnya. Selama latihan malam dalam masalah armada di lepas pantai Guantanamo Bay Simpson bertabrakan dengan kapal penjelajah, Milwaukee (CL 5), pada 7 Mei 1934, dan dia menjalani perbaikan di Philadelphia Navy Yard dan pelatihan musim panas di Newport sebelum kembali ke San Diego pada 10 November. Dia kemudian melanjutkan pelatihan dengan Armada Pasifik dan berpartisipasi dalam masalah armada setiap tahun pada tahun 1936, 1937, dan 1938.

Pada tanggal 6 Maret 1939, Simpson transit Terusan Panama ke Atlantik; dan, antara 5 Juni dan 30 Agustus 1939 dia melakukan tiga pelatihan kapal pesiar untuk taruna Akademi Angkatan Laut. Dia kemudian memulai pelatihan kapal pesiar untuk Cadangan Angkatan Laut, tetapi, pada pecahnya perang di Eropa, dia ditugaskan tugas Patroli Netralitas dan berlayar ke Karibia pada 6 September. Di sana ia melakukan patroli dan berpartisipasi dalam latihan, termasuk latihan pendaratan armada di Culebra dari 14 Februari hingga 10 Maret 1940. Setelah satu pelayaran pelatihan untuk taruna dan satu untuk cadangan selama musim panas, ia melanjutkan tugas Patroli Netralitas di Karibia pada bulan Oktober.

Simpson adalah bagian dari pasukan pendukung yang dibentuk pada 18 Maret 1941, setelah penandatanganan Lend Lease Act, untuk melindungi konvoi antara Amerika dan Inggris di Atlantik Utara. Setelah beberapa bulan pengawalan pantai dan tugas patroli, dia mengawal dua konvoi dari Argentia ke pertemuan dengan pengawalan Inggris dari Greenland antara 30 Juni dan 3 September 1941. Pada 24 September, di lepas pantai Islandia, dia bergabung dengan konvoi ke barat pertama yang dikawal oleh Amerika kapal perang dan mengirimkannya dengan selamat ke Argentia pada tanggal 4 Oktober. Setelah Amerika Serikat masuk ke dalam perang pada bulan Desember, perjalanan konvoinya diperpanjang ke Kepulauan Inggris, dan dia tetap bertugas konvoi transatlantik sampai 28 April 1942, ketika dia memasuki Boston Navy Yard untuk perbaikan.

Selama hampir setahun setelah meninggalkan pekarangan pada Mei 1942, Simpson mengawal konvoi naik turun di pantai timur Amerika Serikat. Dia melakukan satu perjalanan ke Casablanca pada bulan Februari 1943; dan, pada tanggal 28 April 1943, dimulailah perombakan di New York Navy Yard. Di laut lagi pada bulan Mei, Simpson mengawal konvoi dari New York ke Curacao di Hindia Barat, dan kemudian melakukan dua perjalanan pulang pergi antara Curacao dan Londonderry, Irlandia Utara. Pada tanggal 29 Agustus 1943, Simpson bergabung dengan kelompok tugas kapal induk pengawal yang berpusat di sekitar Santee (CVE-29) dan mengawal konvoi dari Bermuda ke Casablanca. Kelompok tugas kemudian melakukan patroli anti kapal selam dari Azores. Kelompok itu bergabung dengan konvoi menuju barat pada 22 September tetapi melanjutkan penyisiran antikapal selam setelah sebuah kapal selam dilaporkan di dekat Azores pada 26 September. Simpson kembali ke Amerika Serikat pada 12 Oktober tetapi kembali ke Azores melakukan patroli tambahan antara 28 Oktober dan 9 Desember 1943

Simpson ditetapkan pada 1 Desember 1943 untuk diubah menjadi transportasi cepat, APD-27, tetapi digantikan pada Januari 1944 oleh George E:. Badger (DD-196), yang konversinya dibatalkan. Melanjutkan tugas konvoinya, Simpson mengawal Antaeus (AG-67) selama lebih dari tiga bulan dari 29 Desember 1943 hingga 9 April 1944 saat ia membawa pasukan naik dan turun di pantai timur. Selama sisa tahun 1944 dan awal 1945, Simpson mengawal kapal-kapal kombatan berat baru dalam latihan penggeledahan dan pelatihan di sepanjang pantai timur. Di antara kapal yang dia layani adalah kapal perang Wisconsin dan Missouri, kapal penjelajah besar Alaska, dan kapal induk Ticonderoga dan Antietam.

Simpson direklasifikasi sebagai tambahan lain-lain (AG-97), efektif 23 Mei 1945. Semua persenjataannya telah dihapus, dan dia dilengkapi dengan rak untuk latihan torpedo dan winch untuk menangani target yang ditarik. Dia tiba di Teluk Guantanamo, Kuba, pada 16 Juni 1945 dan memberikan layanan pelatihan selama hampir satu tahun. Pada 11 Mei 1946, kapal veteran tiba di Philadelphia Navy Yard untuk dinonaktifkan. Dicoret dari daftar Angkatan Laut pada 19 Juni 1946, Simpson dijual pada 21 November 1946 ke Northern Metals Co., Philadelphia, Pa., untuk dibuang.


DD-221 Simpson

Simpson (DD-221) didirikan pada 9 Oktober 1919 oleh William Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia, Pa. diluncurkan pada 28 April 1920, disponsori oleh Miss Caroline Sterett Simpson, putri Laksamana Muda Simpson dan ditugaskan pada 3 November 1920, Lt. Komdr. F.T. Berry dalam perintah.

Simpson melakukan latihan dengan Armada Pasifik selama tahun pertama pelayanannya, termasuk pelayaran ke Valparaiso, Chili. Dia kemudian transit Terusan Panama pada 12 Desember 1921 dan, setelah perbaikan di Philadelphia, dia berlayar dari Newport, RI, ke Mediterania pada 6 Juni 1922. Antara 29 Juni 1922 dan 26 Februari 1924, Simpson menjabat sebagai unit Amerika Serikat Detasemen Angkatan Laut di perairan Turki di bawah Laksamana Muda Mark L. Bristol, melindungi kepentingan Amerika selama kerusuhan di Timur Dekat setelah Perang Dunia I. Simpson berada di Smyrna pada September 1923 ketika front Yunani di Asia Kecil runtuh dan, pada 13 September, setelah menyaksikan pembantaian banyak orang Armenia dan pembakaran besar-besaran oleh orang-orang Turki, dia mengevakuasi warga Amerika dari kota dan membawa mereka ke Yunani. Dia kemudian melanjutkan tugasnya memantau evakuasi pengungsi Yunani dari Turki, melindungi warga Amerika Serikat, dan membantu pekerjaan Asosiasi Bantuan Amerika di Laut Hitam dan Mediterania timur. Setelah tur pelabuhan di Mediterania barat dan Selat Inggris, Simpson berangkat dari Southampton Inggris, pada 1 Juli 1924 untuk perbaikan di Norfolk. Dia kemudian menjalani pelatihan di Karibia dan di pantai barat sebelum melintasi Pasifik untuk tugas dengan Armada Asia.

Setibanya di Chefoo, China, pada 14 Juni 1925 Simpson memasuki rutinitas Armada Asiatik, berlatih di pangkalan-pangkalan di Tsingtao dan Chefoo di musim panas dan Manila di musim dingin, dan mengunjungi pelabuhan-pelabuhan China selama transit sekali jalan. Selama tahun 1925, kerusuhan di Cina meningkat, karena pertumbuhan kekuatan pasukan Kuominbang di bawah Chiang Kai-shek dan wabah anti-asing di Shanghai dan Kanton. Kapal perusak dipisahkan dari armada untuk melengkapi patroli kapal perang biasa di Yangtze dan di sepanjang pantai selatan Cina dekat Kanton. Simpson menyelamatkan beberapa misionaris di Deep Bay, China, pada 2 dan 3 Juli 1925 dan, selama beberapa tahun berikutnya, melakukan banyak patroli di perairan China untuk melindungi nyawa dan harta benda Amerika. Kapal perusak itu ditempatkan di Nanking ketika Jepang melancarkan serangan udara dan laut di Shanghai pada akhir Januari 1932, dan dia mendukung diplomat Amerika di ibu kota China selama hari-hari awal krisis yang kritis, serta mengirimkan laporan penting ke Washington. Pada 11 Februari, dia pindah ke Shanghai dan, pada 23 Februari, ke Swatow di mana dia tinggal sampai 2 April 1932. Pada 18 April, Simpson meninggalkan Manila dengan skuadronnya untuk kembali ke Amerika Serikat.

Setelah perombakan di Pulau Mare, Simpson bergabung dengan Destroyers, Battle Force, di San Diego pada 28 September 1932 dan melakukan latihan dan pelatihan armada di sepanjang pantai barat selama beberapa tahun berikutnya. Selama latihan malam dalam masalah armada di lepas pantai Guantanamo Bay Simpson bertabrakan dengan kapal penjelajah, Milwaukee (CL 5), pada 7 Mei 1934, dan dia menjalani perbaikan di Philadelphia Navy Yard dan pelatihan musim panas di Newport sebelum kembali ke San Diego pada 10 November. Dia kemudian melanjutkan pelatihan dengan Armada Pasifik dan berpartisipasi dalam masalah armada setiap tahun pada tahun 1936, 1937, dan 1938.

Pada tanggal 6 Maret 1939, Simpson transit Terusan Panama ke Atlantik dan, antara 5 Juni dan 30 Agustus 1939 ia melakukan tiga pelayaran pelatihan untuk taruna Akademi Angkatan Laut. Dia kemudian memulai pelatihan kapal pesiar untuk Cadangan Angkatan Laut, tetapi, pada pecahnya perang di Eropa, dia ditugaskan tugas Patroli Netralitas dan berlayar ke Karibia pada 6 September. Di sana ia melakukan patroli dan berpartisipasi dalam latihan, termasuk latihan pendaratan armada di Culebra dari 14 Februari hingga 10 Maret 1940. Setelah satu pelayaran pelatihan untuk taruna dan satu untuk cadangan selama musim panas, ia melanjutkan tugas Patroli Netralitas di Karibia pada bulan Oktober.

Simpson adalah bagian dari pasukan pendukung yang dibentuk pada 18 Maret 1941, setelah penandatanganan Lend Lease Act, untuk melindungi konvoi antara Amerika dan Inggris di Atlantik Utara. Setelah beberapa bulan pengawalan pantai dan tugas patroli, dia mengawal dua konvoi dari Argentia ke pertemuan dengan pengawalan Inggris dari Greenland antara 30 Juni dan 3 September 1941. Pada 24 September, di lepas pantai Islandia, dia bergabung dengan konvoi ke barat pertama yang dikawal oleh Amerika kapal perang dan mengirimkannya dengan selamat ke Argentia pada tanggal 4 Oktober. Setelah Amerika Serikat masuk ke dalam perang pada bulan Desember, perjalanan konvoinya diperpanjang ke Kepulauan Inggris, dan dia tetap bertugas konvoi transatlantik sampai 28 April 1942, ketika dia memasuki Boston Navy Yard untuk perbaikan.

Selama hampir setahun setelah meninggalkan pekarangan pada Mei 1942, Simpson mengawal konvoi naik turun di pantai timur Amerika Serikat. Dia melakukan satu perjalanan ke Casablanca pada bulan Februari 1943 dan, pada tanggal 28 April 1943, memulai perbaikan di New York Navy Yard. Di laut lagi pada bulan Mei, Simpson mengawal konvoi dari New York ke Curacao di Hindia Barat, dan kemudian melakukan dua perjalanan pulang pergi antara Curacao dan Londonderry, Irlandia Utara. Pada tanggal 29 Agustus 1943, Simpson bergabung dengan kelompok tugas kapal induk pengawal yang berpusat di sekitar Santee (CVE-29) dan mengawal konvoi dari Bermuda ke Casablanca. Kelompok tugas kemudian melakukan patroli anti kapal selam dari Azores. Kelompok itu bergabung dengan konvoi menuju barat pada 22 September tetapi melanjutkan penyisiran antikapal selam setelah sebuah kapal selam dilaporkan di dekat Azores pada 26 September. Simpson kembali ke Amerika Serikat pada 12 Oktober tetapi kembali ke Azores melakukan patroli tambahan antara 28 Oktober dan 9 Desember 1943

Simpson ditunjuk pada 1 Desember 1943 untuk diubah menjadi transportasi cepat, APD-27, tetapi digantikan pada Januari 1944 oleh George E:. Badger (DD-196), yang konversinya dibatalkan. Melanjutkan tugas konvoinya, Simpson mengawal Antaeus (AG-67) selama lebih dari tiga bulan dari 29 Desember 1943 hingga 9 April 1944 saat ia membawa pasukan naik dan turun di pantai timur. Selama sisa tahun 1944 dan awal 1945, Simpson mengawal kapal-kapal kombatan berat baru dalam latihan penggeledahan dan pelatihan di sepanjang pantai timur. Di antara kapal yang dia layani adalah kapal perang Wisconsin dan Missouri, kapal penjelajah besar Alaska, dan kapal induk Ticonderoga dan Antietam.

Simpson direklasifikasi sebagai tambahan lain-lain (AG-97), efektif 23 Mei 1945. Semua persenjataannya telah dihapus, dan dia dilengkapi dengan rak untuk latihan torpedo dan winch untuk menangani target yang ditarik. Dia tiba di Teluk Guantanamo, Kuba, pada 16 Juni 1945 dan memberikan layanan pelatihan di sana selama hampir satu tahun. Pada 11 Mei 1946, kapal veteran tiba di Philadelphia Navy Yard untuk dinonaktifkan. Dicoret dari daftar Angkatan Laut pada 19 Juni 1946, Simpson dijual pada 21 November 1946 ke Northern Metals Co., Philadelphia, Pa., untuk dibuang.


USS Simpson DD-221

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Ying Zheng

Negara bagian Qin mulai berkembang ke wilayah sekitarnya. Ketika negara bagian Shu dan Ba ​​berperang pada tahun 316 SM, keduanya memohon bantuan Qin.

Qin menanggapi dengan menaklukkan mereka masing-masing dan, selama 40 tahun berikutnya, memindahkan ribuan keluarga di sana, dan melanjutkan upaya ekspansionis mereka ke wilayah lain.

Ying Zheng dianggap sebagai kaisar pertama Tiongkok. Putra Raja Zhuangxiang dari Qin dan seorang selir, Ying Zheng naik takhta pada usia 13 tahun, setelah kematian ayahnya pada 247 SM. setelah tiga tahun di atas takhta.


Konvoi dikawal [ sunting | edit sumber]

Konvoi Grup Pengawal tanggal Catatan
PADA 18 24 Sep-2 Okt 1941 Ώ] dari Islandia ke Newfoundland sebelum deklarasi perang AS
HX 154 12-19 Okt 1941 ΐ] dari Newfoundland ke Islandia sebelum deklarasi perang AS
PADA 30 2-9 Nov 1941 Ώ] dari Islandia ke Newfoundland sebelum deklarasi perang AS
HX 167 29 Des 1941-7 Jan 1942 ΐ] dari Newfoundland ke Islandia
PADA 55 15-16 Jan 1942 Ώ] dari Islandia ke Newfoundland
HX 175 KLHK grup A4 15-25 Februari 1942 ΐ] dari Newfoundland ke Irlandia Utara
PADA 73 KLHK grup A4 6–16 Maret 1942 Ώ] dari Irlandia Utara ke Newfoundland
HX 182 KLHK grup A4 30 Maret-7 April 1942 ΐ] dari Newfoundland ke Irlandia Utara
PADA 86 KLHK grup A4 14–26 April 1942 Ώ] dari Irlandia Utara ke Newfoundland
SC 111 KLHK grup A3 1-16 Des 1942 Α] dari Newfoundland ke Irlandia Utara
CU 2 21 Mei-5 Juni 1943 Β] dari Curacao ke Liverpool
UC 3 10–26 Juni 1943 Γ] dari Liverpool ke Curacao
CU 3 11–24 Juli 1943 Β] dari Curacao ke Firth of Clyde
UC 3A 30 Juli-10 Agustus 1943 Γ] dari Liverpool ke Curacao

simpson c t lườn vào ngày 9 tháng 10 năm 1919 tại xưởng tàu của hãng William Cramp and Sons Philadelphia. hy thủy vào ngày 28 tháng 4 năm 1920, c u bởi cô Caroline Sterett Simpson, con gái c Simpson và c a ra hoạt ng vào ngày 3 thn 11 n kuan PT Berry.

Giữa hai cuộc thế chiến Sửa i

Kuat năm phục vụ u tiên, simpson thực hiện các cuộc thực tập huấn luyện cùng Hạm i Thái Bình Dương, bao gồm một chuyến i n Valparaíso, Chili. Waktu yang lama c ngày 29 tháng 6 năm 1922 n ngày 26 tháng 2 năm 1924, nó phục vụ như một n vị của Lực lượng Hải quân Hoa Kỳ tại vùng biển Thổ Nhĩ ng i của Hoa Kỳ tại khu vực Cận ng y bất n sau khi kết thúc Thế Chiến I. Nó đã tham gia bảo vệ công dân Hoa Kỳ và hỗ trợ hoạt Hai. Sau một lượt viếng thăm các cảng tại khu vực Tây a Trung Hải và eo biển Manche, nó khởi hành từ Southampton, Anh Quốc vào ngày 1 tháng 7 năm tu 1924 . Sau ó nó tiến hành huấn luyện tại vùng biển Caribe và vùng bờ Đông, trước khi vượt Thái Bình Dương phục vụ cùng Hạm i Châu.

Sau khi i n Yên i, Trung Quốc vào ngày 14 tháng 6 năm 1925, simpson tham gia các hoạt động thường lệ của Hạm i Châu, tiến hành huấn luyện tại các căn cứ Thanh o và Yên i vào mùa Hè và Manila, Filipina vào m Trong năm 1925, sự bất n tại Trung Quốc gia tăng do sự lớn mạnh của các lực lượng Quốc Dan ng cùng các vụ bạo loạn chống lực lượng Quốc Dân ng cáng các vụ bạo loạn chống người nước nước Các tàu khu trục thuộc Hạm i Á Châu c phái i tăng cường cho các pháo hạm tuần tra trên sông Dương Tử và dọc theo. simpson waktu yang singkat của công dan Hoa Kỳ. tc tàu khu trục có mặt tại Nam Kinh khi Nhật Bản tấn công bằng không quân và hải quân tại Thượng Hải vào cuối tháng cháng quân và hải quân tại Quốc vào những ngày u nguy cấp của vụ khủng hoảng này, cũng như gửi các báo cáo quan trọng về Washington. ngy 11 tháng 2, nó i n Thượng Hải, và n ngày 23 tháng 2 lại i n Sán u, nơi nó ở lại cho n ngày 2 i n Sán u, nơi nó ở lại cho n ngày 2 tháng 4 nm 1932. của nó rời Manila quay trở về Hoa Kỳ.

Sau khi c i tu tại Xưởng hải quân Pulau Mare, simpson waktu yang lama Khi thực tập ban m trong khuôn khổ một cuộc tập trận Vấn Hạm đội ngoài khơi vịnh Guantánamo, Kuba, nó mắc tai nạn va chạm với t Milwaukee vào ngày 7 tháng 5 năm 1934, và phải c sửa chữa tại Xưởng hải quân Philadelphia. Tidak ada Tien Hanh Huan Luyen MUA He Tai Newport Kembali Sebelumnya Berikutnya khi quay Kembali Sebelumnya San Diego VAO ngày 10 thang 11, và tiếp Noi CAC hoạt Động Huan Luyen Cung Ham Doi Sapa Dương Cung Như tham gia CAC cuộc TAP Tran Van DJE Ham Doi HANG Nam vào các năm 1936, 1937 và 1938.

Vào ngày 6 tháng 3 năm 1939, simpson bng qua kênh o Panama i sang khu vực Đại Tây Dương, và từ ngày 5 tháng 6 n ngày 30 tháng 8 năm 1939 thực hiện ba chuyến i huchon luyện Sau Djo ada Tien Hanh CAC Chuyen đi Huan Luyen cho Nhân Su Hải Quân Du BI, Nhung melakukan xung đột Bat Djau ada ra Tai Châu Âu, ada được Phan nhiệm Vu Tuan tra Trung Lap, và len Đường đi đến Vung Biển Caribe VAO ngày 6 bulan 9. Ti ây, nó thực hiện tuần tra cũng như tham gia các cuộc thực tập, bao gồm một cuộc tập trận bộ của hạc thực tập, bao gồm một cuộc tập trận bộ của hạm 14i tại 10. Sau một chuyến i huấn luyện học viên sĩ quan và một t huấn luyện quân nhân dự bị trong mùa Hè, nó tiếp nối nhiệm vụ Tuần

Thế Chiến II Sửa i

simpson Nam trong Thành Phan Một Luc Luong được Hình Thành VAO ngày 18 Thang 3 Nam 1941, sau khi CO Thoa Thuan Cho Thue-Cho muon, DJE Bao Ve CAC đoàn Tau Tau Van Tai Hoa Kỳ và Anh Quốc Tai Vung Biển Bac Đại Tây Dương . 3 hari yang lalu 1941. Vào ngày 24 tháng 9 ngoài khơi Islandia, nó tham gia oàn tàu vận tải u tiên hướng sang phía Tây c các tàu chiến Hoa Kỳ hộ tống, và tham chien Vao thang 12, CAC Chuyen Ho Tong Van Tai của ada Keo Dai đến Vung Quan Đào Anh, VA Tidak ada tiếp TUC nhiệm Vu Ho Tong Van Tai vượt Đại Dương cho đến ngày 28 Thang 4 Nam 1942, khi ada đi VAO Xuong Hải quân Boston i tu.

Trong gần một năm sau khi rời xưởng tàu vào tháng 5 năm 1942, simpson waktu yang lama Trở ra khơi vào tháng 5, simpson hộ tống một oàn tàu vận tải i từ New York n Curaçao, Tây n, rồi thực hiện hai chuyến i khứ hồi từ Curaçao n Londonderry Port, Bắc Ireland. Vào ngày 29 tháng 8 năm 1943, simpson tham gia một i c nhiệm tàu ​​sân bay hộ tống hình thành chung quanh chiếc Santee và hộ tống một oàn tàu vận tải i từ Bermuda n Casablanca, Bắc Phi. Doi đặc nhiệm sau Djo Thuc Hien Tuan tra Chong Tau Ngam Ngoai Khoi Quan Đào Azores, tham gia Một đoàn Tau Van Tai Huong menyanyikan Phia Tây VAO ngày 22 Thang 9, Nhung lại tiếp Noi hoạt Động Tuan tra sau khi Một Tau Ngam Doi Phương c báo cáo xuất hiện gần Azores vào ngày 26 tháng 9. simpson quay trở về Hoa Kỳ vào ngày 12 tháng 10, nhưng quay lại khu vực Azores cho các cuộc tuần tra khác từ ngày 28 tháng 10 n ngày 9 tháng 12 năm 1943.

simpson c cử vào ngày 1 tháng 12 năm 1943 c cải biến thành một tàu vận chuyển cao tốc với ký hiệu lườn APD-27, nhưng c thay thế vào tháng 1 năm 1944 bởi chiếc tàu chị em George E. Badger, mà n lượt nó việc cải biến lại bị hủy bỏ. Tip nối nhiệm vụ hộ tống vận tải, simpson hộ tống cho chiếc Antaeus trong hơn ba tháng từ ngày 29 tháng 12 năm 1943 n ngày 9 tháng 4 năm 1944 khi chiếc này vận chuyển binh lính dọc theo vùng bờ ng. trong thời gian còn lại của năm 1944 và u năm 1945, nó hộ tống cho các tàu chiến hạng nặng vừa mới nhập biên chế trong các chuyến Trong số các tàu chiến mà nó từng phục vụ bao gồm các thiết giáp hạm WisconsinMissouri, tàu tuần dương Alaska và các tàu sân bay TiconderogaAntietam.

simpson c xếp lại lớp như một tàu phụ trợ với ký hiệu lườn AG-97 vào ngày 23 tháng 5 năm 1945. Mọi vũ khí c tháo dỡ, và nó được trang bị giá mang ngư lôi thực hành cùng một tời kéo mục tiêu. Nó i n vịnh Guantánamo, Kuba vào ngày 16 tháng 6 năm 1945, và làm nhiệm vụ huấn luyện tại ây trong gần một năm. n ngày 11 tháng 5 năm 1946, chic tàu khu trục kỳ cựu i n Xưởng hải quân Philadelphia ngừng hoạt động. c cho rt khỏi danh sách ng bạ Hải quân vào ngày 19 tháng 6 năm 1946, simpson bán cho hãng Northern Metals Company di Philadelphia, Pennsylvania vào ngày 21 tháng 11 năm 1946 tháo dỡ.


Edward VIII 'obsesif' dan 'tercekik' dengan janda cerai Amerika Wallis Simpson, kata dokter

Ketika Edward VIII meninggal pada tahun 1972 pada usia 77 tahun, ia tampaknya meninggalkan kisah cinta epik seorang raja Inggris yang menyerahkan takhta untuk menikahi wanita Amerika yang dicintainya - tetapi dalam kenyataannya, itu jauh dari dongeng.

Hubungan antara Edward dan sosialita Wallis Simpson dieksplorasi dalam dokumen Smithsonian Channel berjudul “Private Lives of the Monarchs,” yang bertujuan untuk mengungkap “urusan gelap dan skandal rahasia” yang tersembunyi di balik pintu istana. Ini sebelumnya mengeksplorasi kehidupan adik perempuan Ratu Elizabeth II, mendiang Putri Margaret, yang sebelumnya digambarkan oleh pers sebagai "playgirl" yang tidak takut untuk menantang tradisi.

Sejarawan dan penulis kerajaan yang berbasis di Inggris, Tracy Borman, yang juga pembawa acara, mengatakan kepada Fox News bahwa dia terkejut mengetahui betapa obsesifnya Duke of Windsor terhadap perceraian.

"Ada mitos bahwa dia memiliki salah satu kisah cinta terbesar dalam sejarah -- tapi itu hanya mitos," jelasnya. “Menyerah takhta demi cinta seorang wanita terdengar sangat romantis, tetapi jika Anda mempelajari lebih dalam karakter Edward dan hubungannya dengan Wallis, Anda akan menyadari bahwa itu tidak seperti yang terlihat. Dia sebenarnya adalah karakter yang sangat cacat. Dia tumbuh dengan segala macam ketidakamanan. Dia sangat kekanak-kanakan dalam hal wanita. Dan Anda pasti melihat itu dalam hubungannya dengan Wallis. Dia hampir seperti figur ibu bagi Edward.”

Duke dan Duchess of Windsor tiba di rumah pedesaan Mayor Edward Dudley Metcalfe di Coleman's Hatch, Sussex, kunjungan pertama mereka ke Inggris dalam tiga tahun, sekitar tahun 1939. (Foto oleh Keystone/Getty Images)

Menurut penelitiannya, Borman mengetahui bahwa Simpson mungkin merasa tercekik oleh pernikahan, yang berlangsung hingga kematian Edward. Pasangan ini awalnya mengikat simpul pada tahun 1937.

"Anda mendapatkan perasaan bahwa, meskipun Anda harus sangat bersyukur bahwa pria ini menyerahkan takhta untuk Anda, dia benar-benar menganggapnya terlalu berlebihan," kata Borman. “Dia ingin menjauh darinya dan berselingkuh. Saya benar-benar terkejut dengan semua itu ketika kami melakukan beberapa penelitian untuk seri ini. Itu tidak seperti yang saya harapkan. Saya mengharapkan romansa dan pengorbanan besar. Ternyata sangat berbeda dari itu. Bisa dibilang, Edward melakukan hal terbaik dengan turun tahta. Saya tidak yakin dia akan menjadi raja yang hebat, jujur ​​saja.”

Ketika Edward pertama kali bertemu Simpson pada musim gugur 1930, dia masih menikah dengan suami keduanya, pembuat kapal Inggris kelahiran Amerika Ernest Simpson. Selama beberapa dekade, Simpson dituduh menjebak Edward dalam jaring yang menggoda sebagai bagian dari rencananya untuk menjadi ratu.

Tetapi Borman mencurigai Edward tidak memiliki keinginan untuk menjadi raja Inggris sejak awal.

Duke (1894 - 1972) dan Duchess (1896 - 1986) dari Windsor, (sebelumnya Edward VIII dan Wallis Simpson) di rumah mereka, Villa La Croe di Cap D'Antibes, Cannes di Prancis, tempat mereka menghabiskan Tahun Baru, sekitar tahun 1939. (Foto oleh Fox Photos/Getty Images)

“Dia selalu mencari alasan,” dia berbagi. “Dia benci perhatian. Benci menjadi sorotan. Dia memiliki hubungan yang sulit dengan ayahnya. Jika bukan karena Wallis, dia mungkin menggunakan sesuatu yang lain. Saya benar-benar percaya itu akan menjadi sesuatu yang lain yang akan membuatnya menyerahkan takhta. ”

Menurut temuannya, Edward-lah yang dengan cepat terpikat oleh Simpson. Kasih sayangnya terhadapnya, bahkan setelah pernikahan mereka, digambarkan oleh Borman sebagai "melekat dan memualkan."

"Dia hanya menginginkan dia untuk dirinya sendiri," kata Borman. “Dia cukup tercekik ketika sampai pada cintanya pada Wallis. Itu sebabnya ada desas-desus tentang dia berselingkuh - untuk melarikan diri. Itu akan menjadi bencana bagi monarki. Dia hanya ingin berada di perusahaannya sepanjang waktu dan sangat jelas baginya, Wallis adalah segalanya. Dia sudah cukup baginya untuk menyerahkan mahkota. Itu adalah beban tanggung jawab yang terangkat. Tapi… semua ini pasti terasa seperti tekanan baginya untuk menjadi semua yang diinginkan Edward. Dia hanya ingin bersamanya 24/7. Mereka hampir tidak pernah [berpisah]. Dan dia dengan cepat menjadi sangat cemburu [jika] dia berbicara dengan pria lain.”

“Ironisnya, perilaku menyesakkan ini benar-benar mengusirnya darinya,” lanjut Borman. “Mereka jelas tidak pernah berpisah, tetapi itu benar-benar membuatnya ingin memiliki ruang karena dia sangat ingin memilikinya sepenuhnya. ... Dia tidak tahu bagaimana harus bertindak di sekitar orang lain. Dia hanya menginginkan apa yang dia inginkan. Dan ketika pemerintah mengatakan kepadanya bahwa dia tidak dapat memiliki Wallis, itu menjadi obsesi besar.”

The Duchess of Windsor mengenakan gaun, bersandar di kursi malas. (Foto oleh Horst P. Horst/Condé Nast via Getty Images)

Borman juga menunjukkan bahwa Edward terpesona dengan orang Amerika, yang hanya membuatnya semakin jatuh cinta pada Wallis. Dia bahkan akan berlatih berbicara dengan aksen Amerika dan mengirimkan pakaian kepadanya dari AS, yang dilaporkan mengejutkan ayahnya, Raja George V.

"Dia mengagumi impian Amerika -- bahwa jika Anda bekerja cukup keras untuk sesuatu jika Anda benar-benar melakukannya, Anda bisa mendapatkan apa pun yang Anda inginkan," kata Borman. "Ada sesuatu dalam karakteristik penuh harapan orang Amerika yang membuat Edward benar-benar jatuh cinta."

Setelah pernikahan mereka, Edward dan Simpson tinggal di Paris tetapi mereka berharap untuk kembali ke Inggris, New York Times melaporkan. Tetapi pada tahun 1940, ia diberi jabatan gubernur Bahama, tempat pasangan itu tinggal selama lima tahun. Simpson kept busy by working for the Red Cross and raising money for charities. In 1961, she insisted that sending the duke to the Bahamas was really a scheme to get rid of him.

“My husband has been punished like a small boy who gets a spanking every day of his life for a single transgression,” she said at the time, as reported by the outlet.

Wallis Simpson, Duchess of Windsor and Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor attend Maurice Chevalier Opening on October 4, 1968 at the Theatre Champs-Elysees in Paris, France. (Photo by Ron Galella/Ron Galella Collection via Getty Images)

Still, the couple stayed together despite their differences, the outlet noted. They even went on to spend most of their time in urban settings despite Edward’s love of the countryside and gardening because she preferred cities. And while he didn’t care for social affairs, he still attended them with Simpson by his side.

The couple had no children and Simpson remained single for her final years. She passed away in 1986 at age 89.

Borman said she is aware that Meghan Markle, an American, is still compared to Simpson. However, she finds those comparisons unfair.

“It’s not like [her husband] Prince Harry has given up anything,” she pointed out. “He is way down in the order of succession. And people do want a different life, even members of the royal family. Not all necessarily want to be part of that strict protocol that comes with the role. It’s a real shame because she and Harry were a huge force of good for the monarchy. But I don’t blame them in [stepping back].”

Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex and Meghan, Duchess of Sussex attend The Endeavour Fund Awards at Mansion House on March 05, 2020 in London, England. (Photo by Samir Hussein/WireImage/Getty)

“I suppose that on a very simplistic level, yes, here is a British prince running off with an American and seemingly giving up everything for her,” she shared. “But that’s far-fetched. These are different times and two very different couples. Harry and Meghan are a solidly modern couple who don’t want to work within an ancient establishment. They yearn for privacy and family and just a life they can call their own. Just like the story of Edward and Wallis, the one of Meghan and Harry is much more complex.”


An Opportunity To Practice Virtue

Think of what a speech is: a person standing in front of a gathering and saying words. The thing that made this speech so great was that it wasn’t hanya kata-kata. Marcus laid out a plan of action for present and future generations.

Everything he said he did. It wasn’t just philosophy of the mind, it was conducted in the real world. Not only was this conducted in his time, but he left his action as an example to all those who would come after.

The army may have expected a fiery speech about treachery, but they didn’t get that. Marcus would announce he would forgive Cassius and those who sided with him in the revolt. He would use this horrific event as an opportunity to practice virtue — kindness and forgiveness.

He would simultaneously act as a cheerleader to encourage his troops, a wise father giving an example, and a stoic sage teaching how to relate to other people.

Stunningly, Marcus would also announce that he would have abdicated the throne if Cassius would have convinced him and the Senate it would have been the right thing to do.

Marcus would raise the forces to quell the rebellion, but would give the perpetrators every chance to surrender with no consequences. He would use the event as an example to his fellow Romans and to us this very day.

As Marcus encountered his civil war in the form of armies, we encounter ours in the form of battles that take a personal and political nature. The Roman emperor used the struggle as an opportunity to improve himself and practice virtue. Perhaps that should be our approach as well.

Our first instinct may be to banish those traitors to the 9th ring of an icy hell, but maybe a warmer response should be used. As Marcus said, there is even a “right way” to deal with civil war (whatever that personal war is for us).

In the end, Marcus’ legions would never have to raise a sword. Cassius’ own men would turn against him and kill him. Marcus would still use the event to show tolerance to the traitors. He would even put the family of Cassius under his own personal protection.


Simpson DD- 221 - History

was a very slow one until, by reason of the railroad station, which was built in 1845, a boom set in and Alden soon had several hundred inhabitants. In 1854 William C. Leonard founded, together with others, who like him were interested in the education of the children, the "Alden Seminary." It prospered for some years but as the public schools improved and the attendance became less from year to year it had to be closed. The village was incorporated on May 7th, 1869 and the first officials were: G.F. Vandervoort, E.W. Hendee, D.C. Skeels, J.B. Pride and A.D. Farnsworth, Trustees, William A. Sanders, Clerk, H.R. Kidder, Treasurer, C.N. Fulton, Assessor, M. Maxson, Street Commissioner and Frederick Thatcher, Collector.

The small village of West Alden lies about one and one half miles in southwesterly direction from the village of Alden. It was formerly known as Alden Centre and consisted only of a few farm houses, a hotel and a few small stores and shops. Before 1860 Alden Centre had a post office, the name of which was 10 years later changed to West Alden the village also received this name. In 1865 F.R. Martin opened a store there.[1]

Caption under picture at center reads New Post Office Building

[1] The German text states "In 1865 I.R. Martin opened a store, which first he managed in partnership with B.F. Peck. Later he managed the concern himself." Return to text

This small hamlet is situated on the road between Alden and Buffalo, and is mainly populated by Germans, the first of whom settled there fifty years ago. The Evangelical Lutheran Church was founded in 1853. The Elders at that time were: Jacob Weber and Christian Billiard.[1] Deacons: Daniel Schneider and Philip Wiederrecht. Trustees: Johann Nicolaus Kiefer, Jacob Kientz and Michael Asmus. The present new church was built in 1875. The first minister was Julius Crommel.

The German Evangelical Church was dedicated in 1875 and its first minister was Pastor William Jungk.

is situated in the center of the town and also populated by Germans mostly. In 1850 Michael Killinger opened a grocery store and saloon in 1855 George Holland built a hotel, which soon after that passed into the hands of Jacob Sandmann. The first postmaster of the village was Christopher Strecker, who was succeeded by Michael Killinger. A second hotel was opened in 1865 by George Schank.

A Catholic church was built in 1850, and a new one in 1861. Its first priest was Father F.X. Tschenhens.

is situated in the north-west corner of the Town of Alden. The first house in this village was built in 1817 by Moses Case, who established the first grocery store in the village in 1848. His son, Hugh Case, was the first postmaster.

The first German Lutheran Church was built in 1867. Previous to that time the congregation worshipped in the schoolhouse. The first minister was Pastor Julius Crommel.

is a station on the New York Central Railroad, and is situated about a mile south-east of Mill Grove. The first settler was Henry Gehm, who settled there in 1848. He was followed in 1849 by H.A. Wende, who established in 1950 a planing mill on the Eleven-mile Creek, and which was in use until 1876. In 1857 Michael Killinger opened the first grocery store.

Caption under picture at center reads First Presbyterian Church

is situated between Mill Grove and Crittenden. Among the first settlers were: Parker Marshall, E.B. Banks and John Stonebraker. In the years from 1830 to 1840 many German immigrants settled here.

is situated on the New York Central Railroad, three miles north of Alden. In 1848 Benjamin Arbuckle built the first house in this village, which was later on used as a hotel by A. Bump.

According to trustworthy authorities the first settlement of this place dates from 1803. The names of the pioneers were: Asa and James Woodward, who were followed by Warren Hull, Mathew Wing and Joe Parmalee. In 1811 Ahaz Allen built the first feed mill. Rev. John Spencer, better known under the name of "Father Spencer", was the best known among the first ministers of the town. After the war many settlers came to the town. They cultivated the fruitful soil with industry and patience, and raised sheep. At that time it was nothing unusual for them to be visited by the wolves, and they had to defend their sheep against them. About 1830 many more settlers, mostly Germans, came, and they built the first German Lutheran Church in 1835. The first supervisor of the town was John Brown.

Soon after Ahaz Allen in 1811, as mentioned before, had established the first mill in the Town of Lancaster, Joseph Carpenter built a hotel there. This was, so to speak, the birth of the village. For a long time the village did not grow very fast, but after the opening of the Erie Canal there was a marked improvement. In 1849 the village was incorporated, and the first officials were elected. The names of these were: Trustees: John McClean, John Berger, Charles Kurtz, D.R. Osgood, and Ira Slepper. Assessor: E.M. Safford. Collector: John M. Safford. Clerk: Henry L. Bingham. Treasurer: William H. Grimes. In the same year many Dutchman settled in the village. They had quite a little money, and a raise of land values soon took place, from $50 to $75 per acre being paid. In 1865 Lancaster was thrown into

Caption under picture at center reads Power House, Niagara Street

quite a little excitement through the rumor that oil wells had been discovered. Different trials were made to use the wells, but the result was of so little value that further trials - as elsewhere in Erie County - were soon abandoned. About this time a German established an organ factory, which was later conducted by William H. Grimes on a large scale. The first German Evangelical Church was organized in 1835. We have not been able to get further dates in connection herewith, except that C.L. Knapp was minister of it in 1847, and served the congregation for a good many years. In 1875 the congregation built a handsome massive church.

The German Methodist congregation in Lancaster was at first not very large, but grew when the Lutheran church was bought in 1874. We have not been able to get the names of the first officials of this church.

Until 1850 a Catholic priest came every Sunday to Lancaster, but in that year the building of a church was started, it being finished in 1852. At that time Father Sergius Stchonlepnikoff was the priest of the catholic congregation. He was followed by F. Stephen Ulrich.[1]

This village is, as mentioned before, really the oldest in the Town of Lancaster. James and Asa Woodward were the first settlers. In 1811 Benjamin Bowman bought the already existing feed mill, and through him the village got its name.

is a very small village with about forty or fifty houses, three churches, two hotels, and several stores.

Town Cheektowaga borders north on Amherst, east on Lancaster, south on West Seneca, and west on Buffalo. It is five and one-fourth miles wide from east to west, and about six miles long from north to south. The first settler was Apollos Hitchcock. He came there in 1808. He was followed a few years later by Samuel Le Seur, Major Noble, Roswell Hatch and others. Bears and wolves were numerous

Caption under picture at center reads View of Part of Delaware Avenue

at that time, even panthers showed themselves at different times, but deer were seldom to be found. In 1815 Jesse Munson opened the first tavern in the town. On April 10th, 1818, the territory of Cheektowaga became a part of Amherst. In 1826 a large part of the Buffalo Creek Reservation was bought from the Indians. To this territory belonged a strip of land, about three miles in length, which forms today the north-west corner of the present town of Cheektowaga. This strip was at once opened for settlement, and in 1830 so many Germans came there, that at present the town is populated by Germans mostly.

Cheektowaga was separated from Amherst on March 20th, 1829, and incorporated as a town by itself. As a proof how strong the Germans were in the town, even in the earlier years, we give below a list of the town officals elected in 1883: Friedrich Stephen [1], Supervisor J.H. Stock [2], Town Clerk Daniel Reiser, Joseph Dueringer and William Brennan, Justices of the Peace A.M. Dunn, Assessor Joseph Groell, Collector Anthony Pfohl, Highway Commissioner John Prefert, Overseer of the Poor George Neyerlein, Peter Baumler and Michael Lauther, Jr., Constables Charles H. Storck, Edward Ernst and Frank Zubrick, Inspectors of Election A.G. Nagle and Edward Monin, Excise Commissioners.

This town is situated in the center of the eastern border of Erie County, and is six miles long from north to south, and nearly three and three-fourths miles wide from east to west. In the north it borders on Town Alden, west on Elma, south on Wales and east on Bennington, Wyoming County. In August, 1826, the Ogden Company bought of the Indians, besides other lands, a strip of land, three and one-half miles long and one mile wide, situated in the eastern part of the Buffalo Creek Reservation. This territory contained that part of the Town Marilla, which now lies east of the "Two Rod Road". In the spring of 1827 Jesse Bartow settled in the southern district of the town, but he soon sold the settlement to John M. Bauder. Soon after the land sale of 1826 two roads were surveyed. One ran from Portersville to the Village of


Life After the O.J. Trial

The close bond between Kardashian and Simpson eventually frayed. In 1996, Kardashian told ABC News that he had doubts over Simpson’s innocence. He said that “The blood evidence is the biggest thorn in my side that causes me the greatest problems. So I struggle with the blood evidence.&apos&apos Kardashian also was interviewed by author Larry Schiller for his book Tragedi Amerika, which examined Simpson’s trial and defense team.

Divorced from his wife Kris in 1991, Kardashian married two more times. He and his third wife Ellen Pierson tied the knot in 2003, shortly after Kardashian was diagnosed with esophageal cancer. Kardashian died only weeks later on September 30, 2003, at his Los Angeles home. He was 59 years old.

In 2016, the television series, American Crime Story: People v. O.J. simpson, premiered. David Schwimmer played Kardashian on the show, which explores the trial in detail.


Tonton videonya: 1CCBBH - 238. The Simpsons Homer, 1 Credit Clear (Juli 2022).


Komentar:

  1. Funsani

    It is compliant, a lot of useful information

  2. Sheffield

    Kehilangan tenaga kerja.

  3. Shagar

    Di dalamnya sesuatu juga saya pikir, apa ide yang bagus.

  4. Marti

    Menggabungkan. Saya setuju dengan semua di atas-pelabuhan. Mari kita coba membahas masalah ini.

  5. Nevada

    What for mad thought?



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